Several political parties which received less than 10% of the national vote during the 2019 legislative poll are reportedly planning to establish a “third axis” for the 2024 general election. Reports previously said the ruling Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) and the Golkar Party are also planning to establish their own coalitions for the 2024 poll. Parties discussing the creation of the third axis include the Democratic Party, Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), National Mandate Party (PAN) and the United Development Party. Democratic Party spokesman Herzaky Mahendra on October 26 said a third axis would deliver numerous benefits, such as curbing money politics, reducing hoaxes and providing more choices for voters. Under current regulations, only political parties or coalitions of parties that hold at least 115 seats, or 20% of the total seats at the House of Representatives (DPRD), are allowed to nominate their own presidential candidates. Discussions about forming a third axis typically emerge ahead of general elections as smaller parties become aware that without it there is little chance that any of them will be able to nominate a presidential candidate. The current group of smaller parties – most of which are considered Islamic-based organizations – have clearly

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